This is in response to a few comments left by one of our Readers on several of our posts.
I understand that you have been busy analyzing my blog. I thank you first for your patronage but like I mentioned before this is a blog. We blog because we wanted “to document our [sic] lives, provide commentary and opinions, express deeply felt emotions, articulate ideas through writing, and form and maintain community forums.” (Nardi et al, 2004)
This blog is in response to your questions about “The Impact of Sugar on Autism Part II: Healthy Substitutes”.
High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) is a neurotoxin. I am sure this caught your attention. In a case report by Abe et al (2008) they discovered infantile botulism caused by ingestion of corn syrup. As you know botulism is neurotoxin. (Sarah, 2001) In another report by Wallinga et al (2009), they found mercury in 9 out of the 20 samples of commercial HFCS. Mercury affects neuron functions and alter behavior characteristic in autistic kids. (Dufault et al, 2009) I am trying to warn you to be careful about feeding HFCS especially for the younger child.
Natasha Campbell-McBride MD is a medical doctor with specialties in neurology and nutrition. She graduated “with Honours as a Medical Doctor in 1984 from Bashkir Medical University in Russia”. (GAPS, 2008a) Her experiences with autism were enriched by her personal treatment of her autistic child and the discovery of the connection between brain and gut. (Autism Research Institute, 2011) Dr. Campbell-McBride does not represent any institutions though she has been invited to many (GAPS, 2008b), and is the author of Gut and Psychology Syndrome. Her approach has been published in Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. (Campbell-McBride, 2005)
People with autism have compromised immune systems. (Onore et al, 2011; Krause et al, 2002) There are tons of studies on this statement.
Sugar is more addictive than cocaine. In one study by Lenoir et al (2007) on an animal model, the rats chose saccharin (artificial sugar) and sucrose (natural sugar) over cocaine even though some individuals are drug-addicted. Sugar is addictive because of its effect on the dopaminergic and opioid effects. (Avena et al, 2009) It feels good to eat lots of sugar! This blog is rightfully filed under “Behavior Modification”. It is because we need to change or modify our behaviors to stop overconsumption of ‘sugar’. Sugar addiction becomes more prevalent and stronger if the individual is following a highly restrictive or binging behavior. (Corwin and Grigson, 2009) Goldman et al (1986) showed that sugar consumption affected the performance and causes ‘inappropriate’ behaviors in preschool children. We need to stop eating more ‘sugars’.
“Studies also show that sucralose decreases the amount of healthy bacteria in the gut by increasing acid levels in the colon.” (Abou-Donia et al, 2008)
It is also called Splenda.
There you go and so I have provided all the literature citations and references. I do hope this has helped you.
Abe, Y., Negasawa, T., Monma, C. and Oka, A. (2008) ‘Infantile Botulism Caused by Clostridium butyricum Type E Toxin’, Pediatric Neurology, 38(1), pp. 55-57.
Abou-Donia, M., El-Masry, E. and Abdel-Rahman, A., McLendon, R. and Schiffman, S. (2008) ‘Splenda Alters Gut Microflora and Increases Intestinal P-Glycoprotein and Cytochrome P-450 in Male Rats’, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 71(21), pp. 1415-1429.
Autism Research Institute (2011) My Son. Available at: http://www.autism.com/fam_sample_campbellmcbride.asp (Accessed: 12 October 2011).
Avena, N., rada, P. and Hoebel, B. (2009) ‘Sugar and Fat Bingeing Have Notable Differences in Addictive-like Behavior’, Journal of Nutrition, 139(3), pp. 623-628.
Campbell-McBride, N. (2005) ‘Gut and psychology syndrome (GAP syndrome or GAPS)’, Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, 24(2), pp. 14-15.
Corwin, R. and Grigson, P. (2009) ‘Symposium Overview—Food Addiction: Fact or Fiction?’, Journal of Nutrition, 139(3), pp. 617-619.
Dufault, R., Schnoll, R., Lukiw, W., LeBlanc, B., Cornett, C., Patrick, L., Wallinga, D., Gilbert, S. and Crider, R. (2009) ‘Mercury exposure, nutritional deficiencies and metabolic disruptions may affect learning in children’, Behavioral and Brain Functions, 5(44), pp. 1-15, BioMed Central [Online]. Available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1744-9081-5-44.pdf (Accessed: 12 October 2011).
GAPS (2008a) Dr Campbell-McBride. Available at: http://www.gaps.me/preview/?page_id=35 (Accessed: 12 October 2011).
GAPS (2008b) Speaking Events. Available at: http://gaps.me/preview/?p=240 (Accessed: 12 October 2011).
Goldman, J., Lerman, R., Contois, J. and Udall, J. (1986) ‘Behavioral effects of sucrose on preschool children’, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14(4), pp. 565-577.
Krause, I., He, X., Gershwin, M. and Shoenfeld, Y. (2002) ‘Brief Report: Immune Factors in Autism: A Critical Review’, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(4), pp. 337-345.
Lenoir, M., Serre, F., Cantin, L. and Ahmed, S. (2007) ‘Intense Sweetness Surpasses Cocaine Reward’, PLoS ONE, 2(8), pp. e698.
Nardi, B., Schiano, D., Gumbrecht, M. and Swartz, L. (2004) ‘Why we blog’, Communications of the ACM, 47(12), pp. 41-46.
Onore, C., Careaga, M. and Ashwood, P. (2011) ‘The role of immune dysfunction in the pathophysiology of autism’, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2011.08.007 (Accessed: 12 October 2011).
Sarah, L. (2001) ‘Infant Botulism’, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 20(7), pp. 707-709.
Wallinga, D., Sorensen, J., Mottl, P. and Yablon, B. (2009) ‘Not So Sweet: Missing Mercury and High Fructose Corn Syrup’, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, pp.1-23, [Online]. Available at: http://www.globe-expert.eu/quixplorer/filestorage/Interfocus/5-Climat_Environnement/58-Agriculture/58-SRCNL-IATP/200901/Jan._26_2009_Not_so_Sweet_Missing_Mercury_and_High_Fructose_Corn_Syrup_report_by_By_IATPDavid_Wallinga_M.D